The new rules will apply to the Transport for London Road Network (TLRN), with the new rules being developed to improve safety for cyclists in the capital. Under expanded enforcement powers, TfL and all London boroughs can start issuing fines from this week using existing CCTV cameras.
Most motor vehicles are already prohibited from driving inside or crossing the white lines of cycle lanes which are marked with a solid white line and cycle lanes.
Until today, these traffic offenses were repressed only by the police.
The transport body will be able to issue Fixed Penalty Notices (FPNs) of up to £160 to drivers who break the law by entering cycle lanes marked with solid white lines and cycle lanes.
Fines will be distributed in the same way as violations of bus lanes and when cars stop at yellow junctions.
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TfL said “record numbers” of Londoners have started walking and cycling for essential journeys since the start of the coronavirus pandemic.
As well as new fines for cycle lanes, TfL delivered more than 100 low-traffic areas across London.
In partnership with the boroughs, more than 370 new school streets have been put in place where roads are closed at certain times to encourage more children to walk, cycle or scooter to school.
Siwan Hayward, TfL’s Director of Compliance, Policing, Operations and Security, said: “We welcome the introduction of the new enforcement powers in London.
“Protecting designated space for cyclists is key to keeping them safe and improving confidence on the bike.
“We will start enforcement in key locations in London to deter drivers from breaking the rules of the road.
“We want to ensure a green and sustainable future for London, and to do this we must continue to make walking and cycling in our city safe and accessible for all Londoners.”
Changes to the Highway Code were introduced at the start of the year to make cycling safer for everyone.
Cyclists were encouraged to ride in the center of lanes on quieter roads, in slower traffic and when approaching junctions, to make themselves as visible as possible.
They were also reminded that they could ride two abreast, but should be aware of drivers behind them and allow them to overtake if it was safe to do so.
This has always been the case and can often be safer when you are in a large group or when cycling with children.
In 2020, the government unveiled a massive £250m investment in UK cycleways to encourage more people to cycle to get around.